Like other species of sponge, it is most often found living among coral in coral reefs, where it remains in place for the entirety of its lifespan. Mean density of the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta, at different depths at sites on Conch and Pickles Reefs, Key Largo, Florida, USA, from May 2000 to November 2006. Octopuses have one main heart, called the systemic heart, and two smaller hears near the gills, in which the two smaller gills pump blood to the gills where oxygen is provided and wastes are collected and eventually eliminated from the body. It grows very slowly and its growth rate slows down as the sponge’s size increases. Hillenburg based SpongeBob on Bob the Sponge, a character he had created for his educational book "The Intertidal Zone" in the late 1980s. Giant barrel sponge This giant barrel sponge is the largest sponge in existence on the coral reefs in the Caribbean. … They grow at depths that range from 33 feet down (10 m) all the way to 390 feet (120 m) beneath the ocean surface. The longest living sea creatures As human beings, we are incredibly lucky to reach 100 years of age. The giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta is a dominant component of Caribbean coral reef communities, and it was previously reported that populations significantly increased in the Florida Keys over 2000–2006. It has a brown-grey … Hanako was a Koi fish that died on July 7, 1977, at the age of 226 years old, making it the oldest recorded Koi fish. The giant barrel sponge is a filter feeder. Giant Barrel Sponge has shades of gray color, brown, red brown or rose purple color. Xestospongia muta, commonly known as the giant barrel sponge, a member of the Xestospongia genus, is one of the largest species of sponge found in the Caribbean.It grows at depths from 10 meters down to 120 metres (390 ft), and can reach a diameter of 1.8 metres (6 feet). It may be that the low water temperature of the Antarctic causes the metabolism of the sponge to become slow. It is also known as Xestospongia Muta and it has brittle, incompressible, and easy to break consistency. The Blue Barrel Sponge is a filter feeder. The largest member of the Phylum Porifera is the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta. It’s not the tortoise, immortal jellyfish, or killer whale. Scientists estimate that the largest specimens in the Caribbean are over 2,300 years old. Details: The Red Encrusting Sponge is a beautiful and uniquely colored animal that resides along the South African coast. Bowhead whales live the longest among mammals, having been confirmed to live to at least 211 years. A new type of sponge is found every year. The Blue Barrel Sponges' tissues contains photosynthetic symbiotic cyanobacteria which gives it its color. List of characters SpongeBob SquarePants (born/createdJuly 14, 19865) is the main character of the Nickelodeon animated series of the same name. One cool fact about the Giant Barrel sponge is that its average lifespan is 2,000 years, which is pretty impressive for a sea creature. Barrel sponge in the Caribbean has an estimated of more than 2,300 years. 8. Coral Reefs 28:157â 165. The biomass of this sponge surpasses that of algae and corals in the Caribbean. The species is often referred to a the “redwood of the reef” due to its size and estimated lifespan. Giant Barrel Sponges filter a tremendous amount of water throughout their lifespan, which increases water clarity, controls algae, and affects coral populations. Giant Barrel Sponge. Giant barrel sponges, sometimes called “the redwoods of the ocean,” can live into the thousands as well, with one specimen living to 2,300 years. 6. Some sponges can be found thousands of feet below the oceans surface. Bleaching and stress in coral reef ecosystems: hsp70 expression by the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta. A mysterious boom in glass sponge populations is challenging the notion that life in Antarctica progresses at a snail's pace. They have cylindrical bodies, smooth skin, no segmentation, and no appendages. The giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta is a dominant component of Caribbean coral reef communities, ... these results suggest that conditions on Florida coral reefs have been increasingly favorable for the growth of barrel sponge populations. The Giant Pyrosome is a free-floating, colonial tunicate that is made of thousands of identical clones, together forming a hollow cylindrical structure that can be 60 … The Blue Barrel Sponge provides a habitat for various invertebrates. There are many animals that can outlive all of these species. It growths as deep as 33 feet or more and grows between 60 centimeters and 1.8 meters. Previous post: The largest scorpion in the world. An organism ’ s lifespan, ... but support large populations of the ecologically important giant barrel sponge Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck 1815). Lifespan: Up to 255 years Location:Worldwide Tube Worm. Giant Barrel Sponge. Water is continually being pumped through the interior of the sponge. In addition, the longest life of the Antarctic glass sponge is 15,000 years old. Number 1. Rough Tube Sponge. It may be that the low water temperature of the Antarctic causes the metabolism of the sponge to become slow. Another stationary creature, the giant barrel sponge is one of the longest living animals on the planet. In addition, the longest life of the Antarctic glass sponge is 15,000 years old. Next Post: The most venomous snake in the world. Xestospongia muta is a dominant component of coral reefs throughout the Caribbean and has been called the ‘redwood of the reef’ because of its large size and estimated long lifespan (McMurray,Blum&Pawlik,2008). It was named the Fire sponge because of the mild skin irritation it gives when touched. Orange Lumpy Encrusting Sponge. The giant barrel sponge is nicknamed the "redwood of the reef" due to its long lifespan, which can be up to 2,000 years. Red-Orange Encrusting Sponge. Not much is known about the lifespan of the sponge. Lifespan: Up to 2,300 years Location: Caribbean waters Ocean Quahog. Sponges do not have a cardiovascular system. It’s habitat is on mid range to deep coral reefs and muddy sand bottoms in deeper water. It is brown-grey to reddish in colour, with a hard or stony texture. Either, the giant barrel sponge has been called the “ redwood of the reef” because of its lifespan of up to 2000 years as well as its size and color. The Blue Barrel Sponge has the nickname "Redwood of the Reef" because of its size and lifespan. Giant barrel sponge. Lifespan: Up to 507 years Location: North Atlantic Tortoise. The Giant Barrel sponge is a filter feeder, where water is pumped through the interior o the sponges body. Photo of the spawning barrel sponge was taken by Purwanto/CTC. Hexactinellida(Glass sponges) Phylum PoriferaClass HexactinellidaNumber of families 17Thumbnail description Deepwater marine sponges with a glass skeleton, and typically six rays; unusual because of their multinucleate tissues and ability to conduct electrical signals in the absence of nerves Source for information on Hexactinellida (Glass Sponges): Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia dictionary. The coconut octopus has a closed circulatory system. Genetic structure of the Caribbean giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta using the I3-M11 partition of COI. These sponges also serve as a habitat for many other species such as other invertebrates and benthic fish. Variable Boring Sponge. But that's just a drop in the bucket when it comes to the marine creatures that live the longest. Xestospongia muta, commonly known as the giant barrel sponge, is one of the largest species of sponge found in the Caribbean.It grows at depths from 10 metres (33 ft) down to 120 metres (390 ft), and can reach a diameter of 1.8 metres (6 feet). For the Giant Barrel Sponge, mortality rates decrease as size increases. In such places as the Caribbean Sea, sponges can actually filter all of the water in one day. Viscous Sponge. Brown Encrusting Octopus Sponge. Number 2 Sponge- The longest life span of giant barrel sponge is 2,300 years old. Due to its large biomass, X. muta is an Pink and Red Encrusting Sponge. The giant barrel sponge,also called the "redwood of the sea" due to its 2000 year lifespan, is one of the largest species of sponges found within the Caribbean. 2008. Comments are closed. Experts estimated one colossal ‘barrel’ to be 2,300 years old based on … Caenorhabditis elegans is a free living transparent nematode roundworm about 1mm in length. How does the Fire Sponge reproduce? The sponge was determined to be over 3.5 m in length, 2.0 m in width and 1.5 m in width, thus exceeding the dimensions of the largest sponge previously known (Austin et al. The giant barrel sponge has been called the “redwood of the reef” because of its lifespan of up to 2000 years as well as its size and colour. He was designed by the former marine biologist, Stephen Hillenburg. The sponge many forms for example, a fan shape, an ear shape, and a tube shape. Xestospongia rosariensis. Often mistaken for plant life or inanimate rocks, these are invertebrates that feed on plankton filtered from the water around it. Like the Azure Vase Sponge, the Fire sponge is a hermaphrodite. The Orange Elephant Ear sponge is a filter feeder, where water enters and leaves through small holes and big holes. Lifespan:250 years Location: near hydrocarbon vents on the ocean floor Koi (fish) Lifespan: Up to 226 years Location: Captivity Bowhead Whale It can be found in the waters around Florida, the Caribbean and Brazil. The Giant Barrel Sponge is the largest species of sponge found in the Caribbean Sea, dwarfing its competition with structures that can reach 6 feet in diameter. Callyspongia vaginalis is a solitary species. 2007). The larger versions can be a combination of different forms. Orange Sieve Encrusting Sponge. 7. Giant Barrel Sponge. One of the largest sponges ever was almost 10 feet wide. Song, S. E. McMurray, and J. R. Pawlik. Dark Volcano Sponge. 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