Leucogeranus leucogeranus breeds in Arctic Russia in Yakutia and West Siberia (BirdLife International 2001). The key threat to this species is wetland loss and degradation at wintering sites and staging areas through diversion of water for human use, agricultural development, the development of oilfields and increased human utilisation. Scientific Name Grus leucogeranus. By Lauren Lewis March 11, 2016 June 12th, ... a closer view. Breeding occurs in territorial pairs at a density estimated in the 1970s to be around one pair per 625 km2 (Johnsgard 1983). Juveniles are feathered on the face and the plumage is dingy brown. Also canals and fragmentation within the reserve have altered water flow. The population is estimated at 3,500-4,000 individuals, based on a count of 3,750 at Poyang Lake in 2008 (Yu Changhao et al. Breeding site It builds a large mound of grass and sedge 50-80 cm in diameter emerging above water 25-60 cm deep (del Hoyo et al. 2011). The iris is yellowish. Bogs and salt-licks used by ungulates, particularly Alces alces, offer greater foraging resources as trampling by the ungulates exposes rhizomes and roots on which the cranes forage (Degtyarev and Sleptsov 2013). When feeding on submerged vegetation, they often immerse their heads entirely underwater. It is legally protected in all range states. [25] Specimens wintering in India have been found to have mainly aquatic plants in their stomachs. The species breeds in Russia and winters in China, Iran, and formerly in India, undertaking a 5,000 km migration … The Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus is regarded as a critically endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, with a global population of 3,500 to 4,000 individuals (Bird Life International 2016).In China (its main wintering range) it is listed as a category I nationally protected species (Li et al. 2004, Shilina et al. Males are on average larger than females. As a result of water diversions and climate fluctuations, floods and droughts are increasingly frequent at Poyang. [16] The contexts of several calls have been identified and several of these vary with sex. Photo Taken At Tulsa Zoo, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA. 2002, Shilina 2008) passing through Azerbaijan during migration (E. Sultanov et al. 1996) where it occurs in moss-covered marshland (Johnsgard 1983), tidal bogs, marshes and other wetland depressions with unrestricted visibility (del Hoyo et al. Thus, conserving and protecting the Siberian crane would indeed offer conservation services to many other critical species. The Western Asian flock breeds in the basin of Konda and Alymka rivers, the centre of West Siberia, Russia (Sorokin and Markin 1996, Kanai et al. Disturbance from boating activities is also a problem at stopover sites. The fore-crown, face and side of head is bare and brick red, the bill is dark and the legs are pinkish. Severe drought caused Poyang Lake to shrink dramatically in the winters of 2003-2004, 2006-2007 (Anon 2007), and 2010-2011. It may also breed on brushland interspersed with woods (Cramp and Simmons 1980). Habitat The Siberian Crane is the most aquatic member of its family, breeding and wintering in wetlands, and shows a general preference for wide expanses of shallow (up to 30 cm) fresh water with good visibility. Text account compilersTaylor, J., Allinson, T, Martin, R., Ashpole, J, Capper, D., Bird, J., Benstead, P., Chan, S., Calvert, R., Peet, N., Pilgrim, J., Symes, A. ContributorsHarris, J., Li, Z., Hung, K., Sultanov, E., Vladimirtseva, M., Khalafbeigi, P., Mirande, C., Zadegan, S., Ilyashenko, E., Sundar, G. 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