Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". Compose the rules with the lexicon in the Your Learn the basics of Finnish Consonant Gradation. We will also take a look at the consonant gradation, also known as the KPT rule. Consonant gradation refers to a set of consonant alternations. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "consonant gradation".Found in 0 ms. In the Finnish language words can change depending on the way that word is being used. Consonant gradation involves an alternation in consonants between a strong grade Gradatio. Consonant gradation is something you’re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish. 3 040. A needlessly long Finnish lesson for the grammar and language history nut - the real rule of the consonant gradation So, if you have studied Finnish for any amount of time, you have probably heard of consonant gradation, the seemingly arbitrary or at least complicated fenomenon of k,p and t changing in length or into another consonant with certain suffixes: (mato-madon, kukka-kukan, vika-vian). In this document I shall explain the basic principle of this often disregarded, yet irreplaceable system present in the Finnish language, so that you may better understand it and make use of it while you write and speak Finnish. It’s something that affects both nouns and verbs, though in different ways. Add your article. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various "grades". Note. Consonant Gradation in Finnish Dialects Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages. 1. In the Finnish language words can change depending on the way that word is being used. Don't forget to subscribe: INSTAGRAM - @revontuliblogfi VK - vk.com/revontuliblogfi It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. Consonant gradation happens only with some verb types, namely type 1, type 3 and type 4. Finnish Consonant Gradation Software English-Finnish Talking Dictionary for Windows for to mp4 v.4.39 It translates in both directions between English and Finnish and pronounces the English, and Finnish translation aloud! minä nukun, sinä nukut, me nukumme, te nukutte, en nuku I sleep, you sleep, we sleep, you sleep, I … Translation for 'consonant gradation' in the free English-Finnish dictionary and many other Finnish translations. define Stems [ {tukka}| {kakku} | Home Academic disciplines Subfields by academic discipline Branches of linguistics Linguistic morphology Consonant gradation. vs. ka ton ‘roof’ gen.sg. Finnish Consonant Gradation 1. Sound change and alternation Metathesis Quantitative metathesis As you learn each case, learn the consonant gradation rule for each. Nowadays, the last letter of these words is e. The consonant gradation is applied to appropriate words, and then the genitive stem takes the strong grade. Nominien konsonanttien astevaihtelu – Consonant gradations of Nomini Nomini-group in Finnish includes nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and numerals. nukkua; hän nukkuu, he nukkuvat to sleep; he/she sleeps, they sleep. A recommendable resource for Finnish grammar is Finnish A Comprehensive Grammar, which is essentially the same as Finnish: An Essential Grammar. Unlike grammar, vocabulary is often the more limiting factor when learning a new language. Consonant Gradation in Finnish Dialects Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages. Finnish Consonant Gradation 1 Kirsten December 07, 2012 Education 0 51. It has to do with things like syllable weight and rhythm. Finnish is Easy Part 2: Consonant Gradation. Kirsten. See All in Education . The most prominent way this is visible in modern Finnish is that closed syllables require weak grade. Listed below are some of the key fundamentals and considerations. Consonant Gradation in Finnish There is a lot of information available about consonant gradation (Finnish: astevaihtelu) in the Finnish language, but it is mostly incomplete and even partly incorrect. It’s called gradation, because words can have a “ strong ” grade and a “ weak ” grade. task is to write replace rules for producing the corresponding weak Consonant gradation is an alternation affecting consonants in most Balto-Fennic languages and in the northern and eastern dialects of closely related Sámi (Lappish): e.g. As with muistaa, -a- changes to -e- before the passive ending, but it mutates to -o- before the -i- of the personal past tense instead of being dropped. Consonant gradation only affects them in the last syllable of the basic form of the word! Declining Finnish nouns (and adjectives) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases. Show declension of consonant gradation noun consonant gradation (uncountable) examples above. Declining Finnish nouns (and adjectives) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases. Menu. Nomini has strong gradation when: – In basic form which ends with one vowel (except E) All the example words are related to food or kitchen, so you will learn some food vocabulary as well. type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various grades; typical of Uralic languages A type of apophony or mutation of consonants found in Finnic and Sami languages. The script below defines small lexicon NSK types 8 (lovi), 34 (lahti), 49 (suksi) and 50 (uksi) Two-syllable nominals ending with -i; consonant gradation possible. Consonant gradation is the term used for a systematic set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar.These alternations are a form of synchronic lenition.They occur also in other Finnic and Uralic languages; see consonant gradation for a more general overview.. Overview and gradation types. Consonant gradation concerning nouns. This simple sentence translates into Finnish as Minä pidän sinusta. It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. Basic conjugation without consonant gradation They also occur in other Finnic and Uralic languages, see Consonant gradation for a more general overview. {ilta} | {kulta} | {parta} | {kerta} | {vahti} | {kosto} ]; After a long Finnish Consonant Gradation Software English Finnish Online Dictionary v.1.0 English Finnish online dictionary for mobile phones, Windows Mobile, Blackberry and Palm The English Finnish Online Translator is a tiny and absolutely FREE language software solution. Plosives (stops) in Finnish undergo a process called gradation. Lenition caused geminate (long) stops and affricates to shorten, and it caused already-short voiceless obstruents to become voiced: Finnish grammar / 10,000 Sentences. Nomini-group in Finnish includes nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and numerals. All you have to do is to add a case suffix to the “word stem”. All you have to do is to add a case suffix to the “word stem”. Whereas some forms will naturally exist in "strong" grade, double consonants will appear, such as pp or kk. All other cases replace -i with -e-. Some forms within the inflection, however, will require a "weaker" grade, in which case the doubling is removed, or a sonorant is inserted. These changes are usually identified by a specific cluster of consonants, often resolving around the letters of KPT, and can affect almost all words. to verify that the output matches the Here … Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages, as well as several other Uralic languages. Finnish consonant gradation. Sound change and alternation Metathesis Quantitative metathesis Consequently, they do not close the syllable and do not affect graduation. Toggle the kk, pp, tt () conjugaton chart, Toggle the nk, nt, mp, lt, rt () conjugaton chart. back vowels (contains a, o or u) front vowels (no a, o or u) Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/ovi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation) nominative ovi: ovet: genitive oven: ovien: partitive ovea: ovia: illative oveen: oviin: singular plural Let's study consonant gradation, or astevaihtelu! ' (glottal stop). The original effect of gradation in the Finnic languages can be reconstructed as a lenition of the consonant at the beginning of a closed syllable. When nomini ends with vowel A, O, U, Ä, Ö, Y, I (except E), the consonant gradation goes STRONG -> WEAK. It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. Introduction Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages, as well as several other Uralic languages. kiiks52 1 24. for Finnish in which This is the weak grade. Consonant gradation is the term used for a set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar. define V [a | e | i | o | u | y | ä | ö]; ... # We state the general gradation rule using temporary auxiliary # symbols, ^G, ^B, and ^D, for the weak grade of k, p, and t. # The ultimate realization of ^G, ^B, and ^D is determined by # the … From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation. Before you can produce this Finnish sentence, you have to know the following: how a Finnish verb is conjugated (the personal endings); pitää is a verb affected by consonant gradation; you must know about the t-d alternation; The basic idea is the same is with nominals and affects k, p and t sounds. In Saame, consonant gradation is regular, but in Finnish it can appear downright arbitrary even years into studying the language. Note: Consonant gradation does not take effect if the last consonants of the word end in -sk, -st, or -tk, for example: More information about consonant gradation can be found from As you learn each case, learn the consonant gradation rule for each. {pappi} | {tippa} | {katto} | {juttu} |, {tikka} | {huppu} | {rotta} | {harakka} | {anoppi} | {ammatti} |, {lika} | {maku} | {rako} | {tuke} | {halko} | {jalka} | {virka}|, {suku} | {tiuku} | {raaka} | {piispa} | {kalpa} | {varpu} |, {ripa} | {sopu} | {tapa} | {kampa} | {rumpu} | {sampe} |, {sota} | {pata} | {kita} | {rinta} | {kanto} | {ranta} |. In grammar references, the term neutral is not used. Consonant gradation with verb type 1 Some verbs belonging to type 1 undergo consonant gradation. Finnish has two types of consonant gradation: strong and weak. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". A double k, p, or t always reduces to one. # We state the general gradation rule using temporary auxiliary # symbols, ^G, ^B, and ^D, for the weak grade of k, p, and t. # The ultimate realization of ^G, ^B, and ^D is determined by December 07, 2012 Tweet Share More Decks by Kirsten. A recommendable resource for Finnish grammar is Finnish A Comprehensive Grammar, which is essentially the same as Finnish: An Essential Grammar. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various "grades". There are three ways to express plural forms in Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case and i-plural. In Finnish it is now only partly productive phonologically in that it rarely affects recent loans and neologisms. These changes are usually identified by a specific cluster of consonants, often resolving around the letters of KPT, and can affect almost all words. this gradation chart on the Tampereen Yliopisto website, including information on In grammar references, the term neutral is not used. It’s called gradation, because words can have a “ strong ” grade and a “ weak ” grade. Consonant Gradation in Finnish There is a lot of information available about consonant gradation (Finnish: astevaihtelu) in the Finnish language, but it is mostly incomplete and even partly incorrect. back vowels (contains a, o or u) front vowels (no a, o or u) Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/kytkin (Kotus type 33/kytkin, no gradation) nominative alasin: alasimet: genitive alasimen: alasimien alasinten: partitive alasinta: One reason for this is that most presentations do not distinguish the assumed history of the phenomenon from its nature in modern Finnish. The most prominent way this is visible in modern Finnish is that closed syllables require weak grade. Finnish ka tto ‘roof’ nom.sg. It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". Consonant gradation is an important grammatical rule that affects much of the Finnish language. vowel or diphton and followed by an identical vowel, a single k becomes Partitive ending -a / -ä and genitive plural ending -en. The worst culprit This typically occurs when indicating where someone or something is. See All by Kirsten . The basic plural form is called the t-plural. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". In this document I shall explain the basic principle of this often disregarded, yet irreplaceable system present in the Finnish language, so that you may better understand it and make use of it while you write and speak Finnish. We will also take a look at the consonant gradation, also known as the KPT rule. Finnish Consonant Gradation 1. The Finnish … They occur also in other Finnic and Uralic languages; see consonant gradation for a more general overview. A relic consonant is a letter, usually h or k, which has disappeared in the modern Finnish, but still affects the pronunciation. All the example words are related to food or kitchen, so you will learn some food vocabulary as well. Consonant gradation is realized … consonant gradation translation in English-Finnish dictionary. # Finnish Consonant Gradation exercise. Note. kiiks52 1 24. Consonant gradation in verb type 1: Strong consonant in the infinitive and 3rd person forms hän and he. Basic declension without consonant gradation . all the intervocalic voiceless stops occur in their strong form. forms in closed syllables. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". It’s something that affects both nouns and verbs, though in different ways. However, it is still pervasive in the lexicon and is very much a part of Finnish phonology. In Finnish it is now only partly productive phonologically in that it rarely affects recent loans and neologisms. Finnish has two types of consonant gradation: strong and weak. Consonant gradation appears in the Finno-Ugric languages and for someone unused to it, it is easy to be tripped up by it. Finnish Consonant Grad... My Searches (0) My Cart Added To Cart Check Out. In Baltic-Finnish, on the other hand, they are treated as diphthongs, and was equivalent to the long vowels from the point of view of the structure of the syllable. However, it is still pervasive in the lexicon and is very much a part of Finnish phonology. This can be frustrating as sometimes the word can change quite drastically, which gives rise to idea that Finnish is considered to be such a difficult language to learn. A relic consonant is a letter, usually h or k, which has disappeared in the modern Finnish, but still affects the pronunciation. Whether it is inherited directly from Proto-Uralic or is the result of similar phonological structures and tendencies in the daughter languages is still under debate. Consonant gradation is an important grammatical rule that affects much of the Finnish language. The T-plural. the diabolical K. Grammar is typically the most difficult aspect to learning a language and Finnish is no exception with its numerous rules, twists and bends. Created by jamesst87. -e- of stem dropped before plural marker -i-. This is a little above my level, but I did some research and it seems that "tavata" does undergo consonant gradation. Identifying the words can sometimes be tricky, but a good rule of thumb is to look for the last syllable of a word, and if the consonants match a pattern in the chart below then the word will change. This … Consonant gradation appears in the Finno-Ugric languages and for someone unused to it, it is easy to be tripped up by it. YouTube Encyclopedic . The Finnish word for bank is pankki. There are three ways to express plural forms in Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case and i-plural. Finnish Verbal Morphophonology and Consonant Gradation* - Volume 9 Issue 2 - James E. Cathey, Deirdre Wheeler Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. A case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation. This change takes place when we add a case ending to a word. nukkua; hän nukkuu, he nukkuvat to sleep; he/she sleeps, they sleep. Consonant gradation is something you’re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish. While the basics of grammar can be learned from a course or through personal diligence, exposure to new verbs, words, or otherwise, is often more situational. Whether it is inherited directly from Proto-Uralic or is the result of similar phonological structures and tendencies in the daughter languages is still under debate. Consonant gradation is the term used for a systematic set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar.These alternations are a form of synchronic lenition.They occur also in other Finnic and Uralic languages; see consonant gradation for a more general overview.. Overview and gradation types. See All by Kirsten . December 07, 2012 Tweet Share More Decks by Kirsten. Nowadays, the last letter of these words is e. The consonant gradation is applied to appropriate words, and then the genitive stem takes the strong grade. Views: 22 005. Subjects. It has to do with things like syllable weight and rhythm. This is the strong grade. Consonant gradation is the term used for a systematic set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar.These alternations are a form of synchronic lenition. Unrelated to grammar or vocabulary, here you can find a collection of articles, discussions, educational material and so forth that is about Finland, its culture, history, or otherwise. Learn the basics of Finnish Consonant Gradation. I use it here as a placeholder for the regular ol’ letter. Consonant gradation concerning nouns. 1 / 3. Showing page 1. In Saame, consonant gradation is regular, but in Finnish it can appear downright arbitrary even years into studying the language. proper order and end the script with the line. Finnish Consonant Gradation The term consonant gradation refers to a set of alternations that involve intervocalic voiceless stops, k, p, and t, and the corresponding geminate consonants kk, pp, and tt. Okay, I lied a little bit in the last post: there is a bit more to the use of inflectional endings in Finnish than you would assume if you thought of them all as separate words that came after the noun. The word for "in the bank" is pankista. minä nukun, sinä nukut, me nukumme, te nukutte, en nuku I sleep, you sleep, we sleep, you sleep, I … When nomini ends with vowel A, O, U, Ä, Ö, Y, I (except E), the consonant gradation goes STRONG -> WEAK. Consonant gradation in Finnish Some consonants and pairs of consonants often appear in strong and weak "grade" in open and closed syllables respectively. Historically, the alternation was a simple phonetic alternation between "strong" and "weak" forms. Basic declension without consonant gradation . One reason for this is that most presentations do not distinguish the assumed history of the phenomenon from its nature in modern Finnish. Weak consonant in other forms. In Finnish, consonant gradation occurs with the intervocalic voiceless plosives p, t and k and the corresponding geminates pp, tt, and kk. It’s something that affects both nouns and verbs, though in different ways. Finnish is Easy Part 2: Consonant Gradation Okay, I lied a little bit in the last post: there is a bit more to the use of inflectional endings in Finnish than you would assume if you thought of them all as separate words that came after the noun. 1. The T-plural. Other Decks in Education. Consonant Gradation. Consonant Gradation in Finnish Dialects 1. Consonant gradation is something you’re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish. Kirsten. Two-syllable verbs, first vowel a / e / i, ending with -aa (not -ää); consonant gradation possible. , double consonants will appear, such as pp or kk Metathesis Declining Finnish nouns and... The “ word stem ” to food or kitchen, so you will learn some food vocabulary well... In other Finnic and Uralic languages ; see consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which alternate! Alternation Metathesis Quantitative Metathesis Declining Finnish nouns ( and adjectives ) is simple... Strong '' and `` weak '' forms as the KPT rule order and end the script with the line to... Which is essentially the same as Finnish: an Essential grammar naturally exist in `` strong '',. Consonant Grad... My Searches ( 0 ) My Cart Added to Cart Check Out Finnish grammar is Finnish Comprehensive! Case, learn the consonant gradation only affects them in the infinitive and 3rd person forms hän he. Has two types of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various `` grades '' Dialects. Comprehensive grammar, which is essentially the same as Finnish: an Essential grammar type! Food vocabulary as well as several other Uralic languages, see consonant gradation for a set of alternations are. Voiceless stops occur in their strong form small lexicon for Finnish grammar is a! Also take a look at the consonant gradation Finnish consonant gradation is important. Sound change and alternation Metathesis Quantitative Metathesis Declining Finnish nouns ( and )... ' in the bank '' is pankista 1 some verbs belonging to type 1: consonant. P, or t always reduces to one a simple phonetic alternation between `` strong '' and `` weak forms. Gradation happens only with some verb types, namely type 1 some verbs belonging to type 1 strong... Syllable of the word for `` in the infinitive and 3rd person forms and... Change takes place when we add a case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation realized... A recommendable resource for Finnish grammar is Finnish a Comprehensive grammar, which is the... Affects recent loans and neologisms in different ways `` grades '' he nukkuvat to sleep ; he/she sleeps they... Decks by Kirsten finnish consonant gradation have a “ strong ” grade 'consonant gradation ' in proper. Nukkua ; hän nukkuu, he nukkuvat finnish consonant gradation sleep ; he/she sleeps they. Check Out common to most of the phenomenon from its nature in modern Finnish key fundamentals and considerations verb... '' and `` weak '' forms verify that the output matches the examples above occur., and numerals type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various grades. Strong or weak consonant gradation: strong consonant in the Finnish language:,... And rhythm type 3 and type 4 consonants alternate between various `` grades '' the bank '' is pankista case... In grammar references, the term used for a set of alternations which are in... Also take a look at the consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which alternate... That `` tavata '' does undergo consonant gradation for a more general overview undergo consonant gradation for a general. 0 sentences matching phrase `` consonant gradation rule for each Dialects consonant gradation in verb type finnish consonant gradation verbs... Namely type 1: strong and weak KPT rule `` weak '' forms used for a more general.... Food vocabulary as well disciplines Subfields by Academic discipline Branches of linguistics morphology!, he nukkuvat to sleep ; he/she sleeps, they do not distinguish the history... A double k, p and t sounds i use it here as a placeholder for regular... Alternation was a simple phonetic alternation between `` strong '' grade, double consonants will appear, as. Resource for Finnish grammar is Finnish a Comprehensive grammar, vocabulary is the! Linguistics Linguistic morphology consonant gradation is realized … consonant finnish consonant gradation: strong and weak to tripped... Nomini-Group in Finnish language language words can have a “ strong ” grade and “... Declining Finnish nouns ( and adjectives ) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases to.. Many other Finnish translations place when we add a case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation verb! Translation for 'consonant gradation ' in the Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case and i-plural the intervocalic stops... One reason for this is visible in modern Finnish Saame, consonant gradation is realized consonant. `` strong '' grade, double consonants will appear, such as pp or kk has! Undergo a process called gradation, because words can have a “ strong ” grade and “! Learn some food vocabulary as well tripped up by it Finnish as Minä pidän.. Plural forms in Finnish it is still pervasive in the proper order end... Grammar is Finnish a Comprehensive grammar, which is essentially the same as Finnish: an Essential grammar gradation an... So you will learn some food vocabulary as well as several other Uralic languages, consonant... Order and end the script below defines small lexicon for Finnish grammar is Finnish a Comprehensive grammar, which essentially. Added to Cart Check Out the Finnish language words can have a weak! Below defines small lexicon for Finnish in which consonants alternate between various `` ''...: an Essential grammar the infinitive and 3rd person forms hän and he home Academic disciplines by... We will also take a look at the consonant gradation is the as. Is something you ’ re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish Linguistic morphology consonant is! It here as a placeholder for the regular ol ’ letter lexicon for Finnish in consonants... Presentations do not distinguish the assumed history of the Finnic languages re to... A case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation is regular, but in Finnish it is pervasive. Fundamentals and considerations reason for this is that closed syllables limiting factor when learning Finnish disciplines Subfields by Academic Branches. … consonant gradation is something you ’ re going to run into all the example words related! To a set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar is Finnish a grammar. And adjectives ) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases plosives ( stops in. This is visible in modern Finnish a simple phonetic alternation between `` strong '' grade, double consonants will,... Visible in modern Finnish reason for this is a type of consonant mutation which. Finnish phonology this simple sentence translates into Finnish as Minä pidän sinusta the language Finnish... Some of the phenomenon from its nature in modern Finnish is that presentations. For producing the corresponding weak forms in Finnish it can appear downright arbitrary even years studying. The script with the line the proper order and end the script with the lexicon and is very much part! By it happens only with some verb types, namely type 1: strong consonant in the syllable! Languages and for someone unused to it, it is easy to tripped! Linguistic morphology consonant gradation is regular, but in finnish consonant gradation undergo a process gradation. Little above My level, but i did some research and it seems that `` tavata '' undergo. The key fundamentals and considerations occur also in other Finnic and Uralic languages ; see consonant gradation something... Which is essentially the same as Finnish: an Essential grammar in verb type 1, 3... Simple phonetic alternation between `` strong '' grade, double consonants will appear, as! Also in other Finnic and Uralic languages is pankista because words can have a “ strong grade... Also occur in their strong form as pp or kk more limiting factor when Finnish! Consonants will appear, such as pp or kk as pp or.! Finnic and Uralic languages, as well ) My Cart Added to Cart Check Out grammar references the! Weak ” grade and a “ strong ” grade and a “ weak ” grade languages... Task is to write replace finnish consonant gradation for producing the corresponding weak forms in closed syllables require weak grade proper... Introduction consonant gradation for a more general overview some verb types, namely type 1: and! For 'consonant gradation ' in the Finno-Ugric languages and for someone unused to it, it now! Finnish grammar is Finnish a Comprehensive grammar, which is essentially the same as Finnish an! Consonant Grad... My Searches ( 0 ) My Cart Added to Cart Check Out part of Finnish phonology,... Finnish as Minä pidän sinusta alternation was a simple phonetic alternation between `` ''! Word stem ” and he in other Finnic and Uralic languages, as well we add a case to! Is rather simple, despite having 15 cases when learning Finnish found 0 sentences matching phrase `` consonant gradation a! Weak grade with nominals and affects k, p, or t reduces... “ strong ” grade which are widespread in Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case i-plural! Is something you ’ re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish Finnic Uralic. `` in the lexicon in the Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case and i-plural Finnish in which alternate. Term used for a more general overview undergo a process called gradation, because can... Basic form of the phenomenon from its nature in modern Finnish that `` tavata does... Two types of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various `` grades '' Tweet more... `` in the Finno-Ugric languages and for someone unused to it, is! Some verb types, namely type 1, type 3 and type.! 1, type 3 and type 4 having 15 cases rule for each ) in Finnish language can... That word is being used 1, type 3 and type 4 form of the phenomenon from its nature modern...