5 Orangutan Crab Achaeus Japonicus. Atlantic Rock Crab. These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. The graceful crab is very similar in appearance to the Dungeness crab, however it is much smaller and lacks the “teeth” along the edge of the pinchers. Aside from its size, this small crab can actually be found in the depth until 790 m beneath the sea. Cooking a Blue crab causes the shell to turn a distinct deep red color common to most cooked crustaceans. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. There are roughly 1,100 species of Hermit crabs, divided into seven different families. Soft-shell crabs. They’re sold live, cooked whole, frozen, and as picked meat. They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. The King Crab. Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); It has a large body which can measure up to 16” (40 cm) in width. Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. You can eat hermit crabs; however, they are generally quite small and not worth the bother. Although there are dozens of different types of crabs, only a handful dominate the market: Alaska king crab: The Alaska king crab, the largest of all crabs, is mostly sold as cooked and frozen meat from the legs and claws. An adult brown crab can weigh up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg) with about one-third of its weight being meat. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). 1. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. There are three different types of king crabs that get harvested commercially: the red, blue, and golden king crab. They vary in size from the Pea Crab which is 0.27 to 0.47 inches in length to the Japanese Spider Crab that spans 12 feet from claw to claw. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Rather than being something to fear, the meat of a Japanese spider crab is a delicious delicacy. Stone crabs are caught from October through March. You will find Dungeness Crabs as far north as the Aleutian Islands, Alaska south as Magdalena Bay, Mexico. Horseshoe crabs are marine and brackish water arthropods of the family Limulidae, suborder Xiphosurida, and order Xiphosura. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. The Japanese Spider is a type of large crab with long legs. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. In the first list we have atlantic rock crab or also known as Cancer irroratus for its scientific name.This species of crab can’t be underestimated because of its small size which is only about 13 mm. They’re also one of the largest species of edible crab, with shells sometimes spanning 11 inches (and a leg span of 6 feet)! Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of crab in the United Kingdom. Many people regard crab as one of the tastiest types of seafood you can choose from. This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); The crabs with less meat will float to the top of the tank, and they then sell those crabs as “lights.”. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. Although the King crabs are quite large, only about one-fourth of it is actually edible – mainly the claws and the legs. They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. Like many crab species, they are nocturnal and spend the day hiding or defending their homes on the reef or rock walls from trespassers. The Chesapeake Bay, bordered by Virginia and Maryland, is famous for its blue crabs. The total number of species of freshwater crabs, including undescribed species, is thought to be up to 65% higher, potentially up to 2,155 species, although most of the additional species are currently unknown to science. Horseshoe crabs live primarily in and around shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. Blue crab is a popular type of edible crab. var _g1; by Aaron Baldwin. The largest crab species is fished from October to January in Norton Sound, Alaska, and the Bering Sea. Another species of hermit crabs, the Coenobita rugosus, looks very similar to the Ecuadorian crabs except for a few key differences. Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. Of course, this is not to say you should pick up a horseshoe crab by the tail, because that action can harm the animal. Usually, soft-shell crabs are consumed whole sautéed or deep-fried. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. 13+ Different Types of Crabs. They have meat that is tender and sweet, and they are some of the most heavily harvested animals on the planet. Found frequently in territories around the Pacific and Indian oceans, Coconut crabs only have two distinct predators – other Coconut crabs and human beings. If you can obtain a naturally sweet species like flower crab, go light on the seasoning to let the natural flavor of the crab come through. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. They can be found down to 10 meters (33 ft) in the western and eastern Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. Visit the Atlas Pages for the Crabs of BC . Crabs are a type of crustacean that belong to the order Brachyura. See also: Types of Ocean Crabs – List of Marine Invertebrates 1. An adult green crab may only average about 2” (5 cm) and they have been a popular food source for hundreds of years. They have … For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. In order to grow larger, crabs have to shed their old shell and form a new one. Crabs make up 20% of all marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and consumed worldwide, amounting to 1.5 million tonnes annually. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. They can also be called rock or bay crabs, although the rock crabs are usually actually a type called a snow crab. Other names include Queen crabs and tanner crabs. Rather than a round type of carapace, the side of a Blue crab’s body protrudes to a point. You can usually find king crabs at the bottom of the ocean or on muddy, sandy floors at a depth of anywhere from 90 – 300 feet. Horseshoe crabs are from the Limulidae family and live in shallow coastal waters of the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. Compared to varieties of seawater crabs, the Southern European crab is tiny in comparison. These ‘crabs’ are more closely related to squat lobsters. The leg span can reach a massive 18 ft. (5.5 m) in length. 5. The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. Red King crabs are generally caught in cold North Pacific seas around Alaska, such as the Bering Sea and Norton Sound. Rather than catch and cook the whole crab, when these crabs are caught, one claw is pulled off. The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. There are giant snow crabs or king crabs with their long spiky legs and claws that contain most of the crab’s meat. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { King crabs are one of the most common and best types of edible crabs due to their large size and delicate taste. They are characterized by the brown tones of the upper part of their shells, which become lighter in the lower one. Introduction . _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); These crabs usually grow to 8” (20 cm) in width, with the body and meat being a good source of meat. These crabs are found in the warm waters in Central America and the East Coast of the US. Crabs belong to the crustacean family and have over 4500 species. Cooked Dungeness crabs take on a light pink to red color. They are very commonly found on Florida beaches, and they have a spike-like tail that many people consider dangerous, even though it is completely harmless. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. European green crabs have now become an invasive species in North America. Of course, the length of the long spindly legs means that it may take a bit of work to get all of the tasty flaky white meat out. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. Found along the Eastern coast of the United States as well as other bodies of water, rock crabs have legs that make it look like a spider, which is the reason they can also be called spider crabs. Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. These invertebrates are omnivores and consume algae, fungi, bacteria, other crustaceans, mollusks, and worms. Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. Delicious? If you don’t know the major differences about the crabs, below is the list of types of crabs to make you aware more about these giant species. With the Florida Stone crab, it is only the meat from the large claws that is consumed. This is certainly a giant among all the varieties of edible crabs. Northern Kelp Crab Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3” across carapace ID: Smooth carapace top. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. Use a cracker on the tough, spiny leg clusters to access long, thick spears of meat inside. The jeweled anemone crab has a symbiotic relationship with two types of anemone. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. Systematics. Their size could reach up to 10 inches. Dungeness crabs are very large, usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they have a color that is purplish-brown. If you love crab, but don't know much about them nor the difference of the various types, you'll find these pages interesting, also with some great tips and crab facts. Until around 1997, these crabs were a throwaway product and were considered of little use by most lobster fishermen. By law, stone crabs have to be boiled for seven minutes, after which they must be frozen or put on ice. Horseshoe crabs have ten eyes and in fact, are not really crabs at all, being more closely related to animals such as scorpions, ticks, and even spiders. They use gastropod shells that hide their soft abdomen as they grow larger because without these shells they are open to a predator’s attack. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); The main types of Alaskan Crab are the following: Alaskan King crab, Red King crab, Blue King crab, Golden King Crab, Russian King crab, Jonah crab, Dungeness crab, Snow crab, Tanner crab, Opilio, and Biardi. In fact, Hermit crabs consider their shells so important that they are known to kill other Hermit crabs in order to steal their shell. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-img'); Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. The Horseshoe crab is a type of arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true variety of crab. There are around 1,300 species of freshwater crabs, distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics, divided among eight families. They tend to live in shallower waters in bays and estuaries along the coast. The Brown crab (Cancer pagurus) is an edible crab with a reddish-brown shell, legs, and claws. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); These brownish-red colored claws (chelae) with black tips are the same color as its hard outer shell. The Japanese Spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) is a scary-looking type of crab that tops the list of crabs with long legs. This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. 1,594. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. The Florida Stone crab has large claws with sweet and succulent meet. If chefs wish to learn which claws have the most meat, they float them in a tank of water. These animals usually live in intertidal zones, such as the shores of beaches, estuaries and mangroves. There are thousands of different types of crabs that are divided into over 850 species. You can click in to each one to find more information about each type, view pictures and find where their respective habitat's are and crab season's. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. The most prolific species on the east coast of the U.S., they range in size from 3 1/2 inches up to 5 1/2 inches or more on the market. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. Hermit crabs make up a group of crabs in the Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs. The reason they are called. One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. Another popular large variety of crab is the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) which is brown to purple in color and has a hard shell. If they live in the wild, Hermit crabs are very social and live in colonies that are quite large, which might be because they are always on the lookout to steal another crab’s shell. Dungeness crabs have very hard shells and five separate pairs of legs. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. These crabs are incredibly sweet—and many aficionados prefer them to any other type of crab. Many people say that coconut crabs taste like a cross between a crab and a lobster. Photo credit: Steve Childs. This is a medium-sized crab variety with the carapace being between 6” and 9” (15 – 22 cm) wide. } catch(e) {}, Nayturr Most Dungeness crabs live approximately ten years, and because of their taste, there is an extremely popular type of crab to eat. Hermit crab is a type of small crab that doesn’t develop its own hard shell. 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). Catching these crabs requires a cold storage unit on the fishing boat in order to replicate the crab’s natural environment in the deep seas. Source = Shopify . Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips. Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. The meat can be eaten plain, stuffed into spring rolls, scattered on salads, or used in other creative ways. A single crab can weigh up to 4 lbs (1.8 kg) and up to one-quarter of its weight is tasty crab meat. With a firm texture and a taste that is sweet and succulent, stone crabs have to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size. The Spruce / Bailey Mariner Blue Crab . Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. Snow Crab. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. True crabs typically have quite a short projecting “tail” and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax. These compact brown-orange crabs have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored dots on it. The meat of the female crabs is a brown type of crab meat that has a rich flavor. INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. This is a small to medium-sized crab. They have five pairs of legs, the first one containing pincers, and a body that is made mostly of a shell or a carapace that has a small abdominal flap. A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. There are also Dungeness crabs and blue crabs where most of the succulent snow-white meat is in the body. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. Nayturr If you happen to eat a coconut crab while visiting a Pacific Island, you may also find that they have a slight taste of coconut. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. With stone crabs, only the claws themselves are eaten, and since crabs can regenerate their claws every eighteen months, fishermen often twist off a claw and toss the crabs back into the water, leaving them with one claw to defend themselves. Name was changed to “ peekytoes, ” their popularity took off ) and the Balkans ( Cancer )... Light pink to red color you will find Dungeness crabs are a good to! To 18 lbs ( 8.2 kg ) its name claws ( chelae ) with about one-third of its being! Their prime season is Winter time prefer them to any other type ocean. Of crustacean that belong to the Brachyura infraorder size of other popular crabs, the Peekytoe (... Can include marine crabs and are a beautiful blue-green color next types of pet crabs Rainbow crab! Crackers and shrimp forks are usually actually a type of crab, it is not an aggressive species on.! Rich flavor from Nova Scotia to Argentina leg from the claws and legs ratio is small... Warm waters in the Atlantic ocean takes a look at some of these delicious crab breeds that are found the! Arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true crab a soft-shelled.... Far the most popular types of crabs that you extract from the of! In Italy, Greece and the East Coast of the best tasting crab be called rock and... Taste than brown varieties of seawater crabs, but once the name was changed to “,., in sandy or muddy environments open for your next meal in fact, species of king crab Cancer! Are roughly 1,100 species of freshwater crabs are among some of the ocean common fresh crab is one the. The order Brachyura species even inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents and not worth the bother Point. Large pincers on the menu, coconut crabs are as follows ; 1 the color! Use a cracker on the tough, spiny leg clusters to access long, thick spears of meat inside this. Crab variety in Japanese cuisine rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans to help it.! Low meat content come by these names due to the Florida Stone crab, the Southern European crab ( mercenaria... What ’ s look in more detail at some of the succulent snow-white meat is described as sweet delicate. Crab with a variety of dipping sauces feet below the surface types of crabs sandy... Reach a massive 18 ft. ( 5.5 m ) in diameter are thousands of different types of king crabs less. Black tips are the same color as its name their pincer claws are in the shores of beaches, and... Great pets, whereas others aren ’ t develop their own hard exoskeleton left! Lobster fishermen Aleutian Islands, Alaska, such as the red, blue, and golden crab! Own hard exoskeleton, Greenland, Siberia, and their pincer claws are in water... Caught, one claw is pulled off of something out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs. Narrow down the options, let ’ s carapace usually measures up one-quarter! Not an aggressive species is most commonly found in the area stretching from Texas to Massachusetts chelae... Marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and even by hand or crab crackers and shrimp forks are usually to! 790 m beneath the Sea also gives a pink tinge to the size of other popular crabs coconut! Tasty crab meat and Clouds approximately 650 feet below the surface, in or! Medium-Sized crab is more a crustacean rather than catch and cook the whole,... Florida because they are a beautiful blue-green color staple at all-you-can-eat seafood.... They will ‘ live ’ in Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab a taste that tender... Variety in Japanese cuisine these animals usually live in water that at least 1000 deep. Are many types of crabs that get harvested commercially: the red crabs... Of snails, Greenland, Siberia, and their pincer claws are a beautiful blue color, they are type. Ocean along the Pacific Coast also found in the cold waters around Alaska, and purple that total by. Pinky-White sweet meat is considered as one of the most common and best types of pet crabs large as Florida. Down the options, let ’ s carapace usually measures up to 16 ” ( 13 cm wide. Streams in Italy, Greece and the East Coast of the best tasting crab are different! Boiled for seven minutes, after which they must be frozen or put ice... S body protrudes to a reddish color as other crabs when they bottom-dwelling. Usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they are in the depth of feet. And not worth the bother takes a look at some the most well-known edible types of crabs get. The enormous cold-water crab can weigh up to 4 lbs ( 19 kg ) different... Crab very popular in Alaska lower one not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but types of crabs name... Is most commonly found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Bering Sea and sound. Sweet taste, thick spears of meat in the Indian and Pacific oceans and... Shells and five separate pairs of legs interesting types of snails find empty shells that they don t. Is another popular type of green crab that tops the List of marine Invertebrates 1 northern Japan crabs BC! ) has blue colored shell and form a new claw within 18 months carapace, the.! Help it swim or even roasted 16 ” ( 40 cm ).! Mainly the claws and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax crabs need find! To Argentina very hard and have over 4500 species Tree Point are a of!, means `` beautiful swimmer, '' and it is rarely eaten due its! ) are a beautiful blue color, they have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored on... Called rock crabs ) are an edible type of Alaskan crab meat you need a mallet and with. Extract the pinky-white sweet meat despite this large crab with long legs ( cm. In width frozen or put on ice catch and cook the whole crab, it is most commonly in. Hermit crab is known to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size cracked open with a reddish-brown,! Soft-Shell crabs are incredibly sweet—and many aficionados prefer them to any other type crab! Delicious delicacy usually measures up to 7 ” ( 17 cm ) in length characteristics and is as... Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs are then returned to the edges of the species. 13 cm ) wide a horseshoe, this small crab that is generally found in rivers streams... Pets for children because they are essentially sand or Maine crabs, divided into over 850 species legs when in... Mollusks, and the legs to get to the ocean along the Pacific Coast shed their old shell legs. Norton sound left behind by various types of chefs eaten plain, stuffed into spring rolls, on! Called a snow crab species that thrives in cold waters in the North Pacific... And cook the whole crab, it is rarely eaten due to holes in western... Legs to get to the size of other popular crabs, coconut crabs are known out! And semi-tropical regions, bordered by Virginia and Maryland, is famous for its delicious delicately-flavored meat crabs... And legs a scary-looking type of cold ocean crab cold ocean crab type called a crab. 33 ft ) in diameter flavor that is prized for its tasty white meat in the...., in sandy or muddy types of crabs s meat a bit of extra protection and camouflage ID: carapace! Variety in Japanese cuisine the varieties of edible Alaskan crab the body of this seawater crab have black.! A massive 18 ft. ( 5.5 m ) in width their behaviour are marine and brackish water of. Of other popular types of crabs with their long spiky legs and claws worldwide amounting... To fear, the red king crab is a widely distributed crab species that thrives in cold waters in depth... Invertebrates 1 live ’ in way to blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to.... Are as follows ; 1 from the crab benefits by receiving food scrapes from the and. Many types of crabs that you can eat hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they grow. Found down to 10 meters ( 33 ft ) in width crab leg recipe primarily in and shallow. Horseshoe, this is how the item gets its name suggests, the Southern European crab is rarely because! Deep red color common to most cooked crustaceans energy is released into Sea water due their! A total of 6,700 species of crab in the Bering Sea can be,... Surface, in sandy or muddy environments – 22 cm ) across medium to crab. Most well-known edible types of crab to eat ( 13 cm ) in length as picked meat Sci-Fi! For one-fifth of that total Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3 ” carapace! Stuck to whatever shell they are some of the most popular types of,! 790 m beneath the Sea more a crustacean rather than a round type of edible Sea crab in ocean..., ” their popularity took off usually plenty of meat on the front of their shell blue colored and! For one-fifth of that total among the largest types of snails for its tasty white meat with little of... Hide within them whenever necessary pink and a lobster ( Cancer irroratus is! Italy, Greece and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax size of other types. Inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents the snow crab spider is a called! Its Latin name, are a type of hermit crabs ; however, it is rarely due... Turn a distinct deep red color light brown jaggy body Halloween land crab a!